Face+Body Blog
  • 07 April 2016
Cosmetic Surgery: Basics & Trends
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Constructing normal, healthier lives sometimes requires reconstructing the very features we’re blessed with.

In today’s world, people make it a point to keep a tab on the latest fads and follow them as religiously as possible. It wouldn’t be surprising for a person, who is not so happy with one or more features of their body to consider the possibility of going under the knife. Cosmetic procedures after all, are the new cool! An epidemic I’d say.

Plastic Surgery Vs Cosmetic Surgery

Even before we move on to the most popular cosmetic procedures and the latest trends in this industry, people need to know that cosmetic is not plastic and there’s a difference between both the surgeries.

While the terms are interchangeable there are differences between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery. For starters, cosmetic procedures aim at enhancing appearance and are elective procedures, since the part that is about to be operated functions properly. Cosmetic surgery is something that can be practiced by plastic surgeons. Procedures on this list are;

  • Breast enhancement

  • Facial contouring with Rhinoplasty

  • Facial rejuvenation involving facelift and neck lift

  • Body contouring with procedures like tummy tuck

  • Skin rejuvenation with Botox and laser resurfacing

Plastic surgery on the other hand focuses on repairing defects and restoring function as well. These defects could be due to genetics and since birth or after a trauma or an injury. Plastic surgeons have reconstructive surgical training as their basis. Plastic surgeries include;

  • Reconstructive breast surgery

  • Hand surgery

  • Scar revision surgery

  • Burn repair surgery

  • Congenital defect repair (cleft lip, cleft palate)

Yet another difference between both the types is the type of training required. Practice goals of both the surgeries differ just as their certification process and training.

Reason behind the Increased Trends

With a quick fix like cosmetic surgery for all the appearance related issues, it’s hard to be patient. However it may be a good advice for young women to wait to alter their bodies surgically until they are done ‘growing up’ [1]. There are a number of factors that result in urge of going under the knife;

  • Negative social feedback with respect to bodies.

  • Growing awareness of the beauty bias is partly responsible for the increased number.

  • People attributing low life satisfaction to their appearance

  • Increase in number of television programs (fact and fiction) have further increased the awareness of benefits of cosmetic procedures. There is a significant role of cosmetic surgery reality television in cosmetic surgery patient perceptions and decision making [2]. A majority is greatly influenced from television and media to get the cosmetic procedures done.

Top Cosmetic Procedures

With women forming the majority that goes under the knife, the following procedures being the most commonly practiced procedures doesn’t come as a surprise at all;

  1. Breast augmentation

The most popular procedure known with the names of breast augmentation, breast enhancement or breast enlargement is what the laymen know as boob job.

Some of the boob jobs are right there, but the work has been done with an approach so subtle that one could only marvel at the way ‘natural’ beauty fills out the attire. Women may opt for a boob job for a number of reasons.

This is a lifesaver for women who have asymmetrical breasts or are flat as a board and a growth spurt is nowhere to be seen. However, this requires professional touch and expertise.

A boob job lets your boobs look fuller and in no way solves the sagging breast problem. Breast augmentation along with breast lift is what you need if you want to get rid of drooping boobs and want an enhanced look as well. It goes without saying that breast augmentation will give you the curvy look and uplift the level of your confidence.

  1. Rhinoplasty

Whether it’s a nose with too many bumps, a crooked nose, or a nose with a wide bridge, Rhinoplasty is the magic bullet for all. This is precisely why Rhinoplasty is one of the most common cosmetic procedures.

However, it’s not for the cosmetic purposes only, Rhinoplasty corrects defects like septal deviation and restores function at times relieving severe breathing problems. People also get Rhinoplasty done to alter the shape of their nostrils and fix the tip of the nose.

  1. Tummy Tuck

Tummy tuck or abdominoplasty is the procedure which gets you your beach body back! Whether it’s post pregnancy flabby skin or the post weight loss loose skin, tummy tuck is in great demand these days. Other reasons for getting the procedure done include;

  • Post pregnancy scars

  • Post surgical damaged skin

  • Ethnic heritage

  • Too much flab that doesn’t respond to exercise and dietary modifications

The procedure that aims at getting rid of the loose hanging skin can be performed both in men and women, especially those who were once obese. Depending on your goals, your surgeon may advise either of the two types;

  • Complete Abdominoplasty: involves contouring of skin, tissue and muscle after incising abdomen from one hipbone to another. This may also require you to have drainage tubes placed in abdomen for a couple of days.

  • Partial/mini abdominoplasty: is a two hour long procedure mostly ideal for people with fat deposits below the navel.

The muscle tightening procedure has gained a significant amount of popularity and is also one of the most practiced cosmetic surgeries.

While your surgeon obviously knows better than you do, it’s of immense importance to thoroughly research about the surgery you desire. Go through a couple of before and after pictures to get an idea of the result. This will keep all the unrealistic expectations at bay and most importantly you’ll have a clear picture of what you want exactly, since you’re the one who’s going to communicate to the surgeon.

Last but not the least, the choice of surgeon will determine the actual result. A board certified, skilled and experienced surgeon would be better equipped to tackle with your case as well as would be better at counseling as compared to a non-experienced surgeon.

With thorough research, excellent communication and a wise choice of surgeon, you may have a result better than your expectations, provided you don’t want something out of the world or beyond the capabilities of the procedure itself!

References

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Charlotte_Markey/publication/226907686_Correlates_of_Young_Womens_Interest_in_Obtaining_Cosmetic_Surgery/links/0912f5102a38eead78000000.pdf

Crockett RJ, Pruzinsky T, Persing JA. The influence of plastic surgery ‘reality TV’ on cosmetic surgery patient expectations and decision making. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120:316–24.

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